Rajasthan an Overview

Rajasthan lies on the western part of India mostly in the tropical zone. The State has between 23°3'N to 30°12'N latitudes. The tropic of Cancer passes through Dungarpur and Banswara districts, due to which most of the parts of Rajasthan lie in the tropical climatic zone, experiencing severe summer. The longitudinal extension of the state is 8°47` which gives a local time difference of about 35 minutes between the easternmost and westernmost districts.

Today, Rajasthan has 32 districts. The northernmost district is Sri Ganga Nagar, while the southernmost district is Banswara. The westernmost district is Jaisalmer, which has the largest area (38,401 km2) while has easternmost district is Dholpur which has the smallest area (3,084 km2). The shape of Rajasthan is like a kite. From north to south, the maximum breadth is 869 km. Thus, the state has a slightly more east-west extension.

Rajasthan has a total area of 3, 42,239 km2 having a total boundary of 5,920 km long. The state is surrounded by 5 neighbouring states of India viz. Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. To its west lies the Indo-Pak International boundary which is 1,040 km. long .This boundary touches Sri Ganga Nagar district (170 km. long), Bikaner district (138 km. long), Jaisalmer district (504 km. long) and Barmer district (228 km. long). The whole boundary to a length of 1,000 km. has been fenced by barbed wires, except for a stretch of 40 km. in the Shahgarh sector (Jaisalmer District). The Indo-Pak boundary in Rajasthan stretches 10 km. south of Fazilka (Punjab) near Hindumalkot (Sri Ganga Nagar District) to Shahgarh (Barmer district) in the south. Among the neighbouring states of India, Madhya Pradesh has the longest boundary with Rajasthan (1785 Km). The districts which touch the boundary with Madhya Pradesh are Karauli, Sawai Madhopur, Baran, Jhalawar, Kota, Chittorgarh and Banswara. The shortest is with Punjab (21 Km), which meets only Sri Ganga Nagar district. District like Hanumangarh, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Churu, Jaipur, Alwar and a small a part of Bharatpur form the boundary with Haryana. The Uttar Pradesh boundary touches only Bharatpur and Dholpur districts.

Today, Rajasthan is the biggest state of India in Area after the bifurcation of Madhya Pradesh and the carving out of the new State of Chhatisgarh (1, 46,361 Km2), Madhya Pradesh (2, 97,085 Km2) has now come to 3rd Rank in India. On the 2nd Rank now stands Maharashtra (3, 07,713 Km2).

Rajasthan Day is celebrated every year on 30th March. It was on 30th March, 1949 when all the 19 feudal states and 3 chieftains of Rajasthan joined the United Rajasthan. The amalgamation of various feudal states occurred in four stages. First of all, the 4 States viz. Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli joining on 17th March, 1948 to form the Matsya Sangh. On 25th March, 1948, the 10 States of southern Rajasthan viz., Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Kishangarh, Kota, Kushalgarh, Jhalawar, Pratapgarh, Shahpura and Tonk joined together to form East Rajasthan. Very soon on 18th April, 1948, the Udaipur State also joined to form United Rajasthan. The rest of 4 State, viz., Bikaner, Jaipur, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur joined on 30th March, 1949 to form Greater Rajasthan. It was on 26th January, 1950 that the state of Sirohi joined Rajasthan.

After the amalgamation of Ajmer-Merwara, Abu and Sunel-Tappa (Bhanpura Tehsil of M.P.) in Greater Rajasthan on 1st November, 1955 that the present shape of Rajasthan emerged. It was on this day that the recommendations of the State Reorganisation Commission were implemented all over India.

Administrative Regions of Rajasthan

Rajasthan today, is divided into Six Divisions in 32 Districts. The 6 Divisions are: Ajmer (43,848 Km2), Bikaner (64,706 Km2) Jaipur (44,605 Km2), Jodhpur (1,17,801 Km2), Kota (34,290 Km2) and Udaipur (36,942 Km2). Among them Jodhpur is the biggest division in Area and Kota is the smallest.

  • 1.   Ajmer Division – 4 Districts viz. Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur and Tonk.
  • 2.   Bikaner Division – 4 Districts viz. Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganga Nagar and Hanumangarh.
  • 3.   Jaipur Division – 7 Districts viz. Jaipur, Dholpur, Dausa, Bharatpur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu and Sikar.
  • 4.   Jodhpur Division – 6 Districts viz. Barmer, Jalore, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Pali and Sirohi.
  • 5.   Kota Division – 6 Districts viz. Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Karauli, Kota and Sawai Madhopur.
  • 6.   Udaipur Division – 5 Districts viz. Banswara, Chittorgarh, Dungarpur, Rajsamand and Udaipur.

Rajasthan has 105 Sub Divisions, 241 tehsils and 237 Panchayat Samities. The State has 222 Cities and Towns, out of which 183 towns have municipalities. Jhunjhunu district has the highest number of Municipalities which is 12. Jaipur and the other major cities of Rajasthan have Municipal Corporation for local administration.

Rajasthan has 9,188 Gram Panchayats. Jaipur district has the highest number of Gram Panchayats which is 488. Among the 241 Tehsils spreading into 32 districts of Rajasthan, Jaipur district has the highest numbe of Tehsils (13) while the lowest number tehsils is in the district of Jaisalmer (2). The state has a total of 39,810 revenue villages, their highest number being in Shri Ganga Nagar districts (2,998).

Population of Rajasthan: According to the census of 2011 Rajasthan has a population of 6.86 Crores (68,621.012) One Crore makes 10 Million thus it translates to a figure of 68.6 million people and the females are 33,000.926 whilst the males number 35, 620. 086.

Some of the Numbers with respect to the People of Rajasthan as per the Census 2011 are tabulated as follows:

Description 2011 2001
Approximate Population 6.86 Crore 5.65 Crore
Actual Population 68,621,012 56,507,188
Male 35,620,086 29,420,011
Female 33,000,926 27,087,177
Population Growth 21.44% 28.33%
Percentage of total Population 5.67% 5.49%
Sex Ratio 926 922
Child Sex Ratio 883 946
Density/km2 201 165
Density/mi2 519 428
Area km2 342,239 342,239
Area mi2 132,139 132,139
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 10,504,916 10,651,002
Male Population (0-6 Age) 5,580,212 5,579,616
Female Population (0-6 Age) 4,924,704 5,071,386
Literacy 67.06 % 60.41 %
Male Literacy 80.51 % 70.32 %
Female Literacy 52.66 % 43.85 %
Total Literate 38,970,500 27,702,010
Male Literate 24,184,782 18,047,157
Female Literate 14,785,718 9,654,853
Description Rural Urban
Population (%) 75.11 % 24.89 %
Total Population 51,540,236 17,080,776
Male Population 26,680,882 8,939,204
Female Population 24,859,354 8,141,572
Population Growth 19.05 % 29.26 %
Sex Ratio 932 911
Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 886 869
Child Population (0-6) 8,319,914 2,185,002
Child Percentage (0-6) 16.14 % 12.79 %
Literates 26,945,543 12,024,957
Average Literacy 62.34 % 80.73 %
Male Literacy 77.49 % 89.16 %
Female Literacy 46.25 % 71.53 %

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