Jaipur, popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital city & gateway to the desert state of Rajasthan, mesmerizing the visitors with its hilltop forts, majestic Havelis and Palaces reminiscent of a glorious past. The capital city is an epitome of art and culture with its myriad of colorful festivals and fairs, replete with vibrant bazaars, women in brilliant hues and turbaned men with their characteristic handlebar moustaches. Jaipur is a bustling trading hub that offers a unique blend of all things traditional and contemporary. An architectural marvel, the city is best explored on foot and the adventurous visitor willing to explore the inner lanes can discover a whole new world, not visible to the tourist -in-a-hurry.
Jaipur- City of Victory was founded in 1727 AD by one of the greatest rulers of the Kachhawaha clan, the astronomer King Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. He appointed an eminent town planner Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar of Bengal as the chief architect of Jaipur. It is the best planned city of its time designed on the basis of Vastu Shastra. Jaipur best symbolizes the nine divisions of the solar system through nine rectangular sectors subdividing it as per the principles of ‘Shilpa Shastra’ – the science of Indian Architecture. The two sectors comprise of palace and the state buildings while the rest are committed to the public. It has huge fortification walls along with seven strong gates. The pink color was used to create an impression of red sandstone buildings of Mogul cities and repainted in 1876, during the visit of the Prince of Wales.
2. Getting there and around
A)Best time to visit in Jaipur
C) Getting Around / Intra City Transportation
3. Popular (Jaipur) City attractions
A) Sight seeing
Jaipur today is a sprawling city and there are three main roads: the Mirza Ismail (MI) road, the Sansar Chandra Marg and Station Road, which run parallel to the south and west of the old rampart, with other roads running perpendicular to these. A wonderful breathtaking backdrop to the city is Amer Fort, the erstwhile capital of Jaipur state, originally called Amber. Perched high on the rugged hills circling the town, visitors atop decorated elephants, can ascend to the fort and see glimpses of the palace of pleasure Sukh Niwas, frescoed facades of magnificent gateways, courtyards, pavilions, and a glittering chamber of inlaid mirrors called Sheesh Mahal.
City Palace & Sawai Madho Singh Museum is another historical palace. pride of peacocks beautify an complicated doorway in Jaipur’s City Palace that still houses former ruling family in the section called Chandra Mahal. Palace sentries situate at consideration, as they would when the Jaipur Court was headquartered here. The palace is now a very well museum and houses a significant collection of textiles, painting, Manuscript, jewelry, howdahs, palanquins, miniature painting and extraordinary items from the royal collections. On display are two huge urns of silver, said to be the largest silver vessels in the world. Nakkarklhana-ka-Darwaza, the gateway of the City palace guarded by stone elephants, is a monumental structure.
Dominating the western skyline are the extensive walls, watch towers and gateways of Jaigarh fort, built by Jai Singh in 1726. IT is one of the few military structures of medieval India preserved almost intact, containing palace, gardens, reservoirs, a granary, and armory, a canon foundry and several temples. The world’s largest cannon on wheels are to be found here. Built in 1734, the Naahargarh Fort provides stunning views of the city down below.
Jal Mahal is picturesque palace amidst the man Sagar Lake. It is Jaipur’s lake palace, surrounded by water, built primarily for royal duck shooting parties. Hawa mahal is jaipur ‘s most famous landmark, this palace of winds is a multi-storeyed fantasia of 153 ornate windows set in a rose-colored façade, with tier upon tier of curved arches surmounting fairy casements with ‘jali’ of lattice screens . It was built in 1799 by King Sawai Pratap Singh to enable his queens to view festival processions without being seen themselves.
The architectural astronomical instruments of the 18th century Rajasthani monarch Jai Singh are preserved in Jantar Mantar, an amazing three-storey-high complex. Birla Mandir is magnificent temple embodying the rich architectural and sculptural heritage of Rajasthan. It is situated at the base of the Moti Dongri hills. Poetry in white marble, the temple complex houses an air-conditioned museum, library and a meditation hall.
The City is also renowned for several fairs and festivals. The kite festival falls on Makar Sankrnati (14th January), and the Elephant Festival comprises of a royal procession of caparisoned elephants. Holi celebrations and races of the elephants add to the merriment of the moment. Gangaur is another festival that is Famous in this city, When idols of Issar and Gangaur, idol incarnations of Shiva and Parvati, are carried in a huge procession that cuts across the city. Teej in August is another colorful celebration when swings are much in demand.
Jaipur is truly a Shopper’s Paradise as it caters to all kinds of shoppers. Gems and jewelry, handicrafts, fashionable furnishings and blue pottery are the hallmark buys from Jaipur. Jaipur is famous for enamel work on gold. Then there are cotton rugs, marble statues,woolen carpets, enameled wares, brass wares, Bagru cotton fabrics and hand-block printed Sanganeri, exotic blue pottery made from leather footwear,crushed quartz and much more to be picked up from the Pink City. No matter what you decide to buy, look out for Kundan jewelry, for the woman in your life! You could visit the Johari Bazaar or the jewels emporium and some more retail outlets at the MI Road. The government emporia of Rajasthani and Hanloom house have a tempting collection of the state’s rich handicrafts. At the same time, Rajasthan Cottage Industries at the Shilpagram Complex has a range of readymade garments, tie and dye fabric and saris, as also furniture and jewellary items.
Dal – bati- Choorma is a speciality of state though one needs a strong stomach to digest the heavy dose of pure ghee in it. Lakshmi Misthaan Bhandaar, popularly known as LMB, gives you Rajasthan on a thali .Copper chimney, a multi-cuisine restaurant, is another favorite. Chokhi Dhani(22 Km), has emerged as a hotspot of ethnic experience for cusine and lodging which must be tried if one has the time. Most deluxe and luxury hotels have excellent F & B outlets that can match the best of cuisines anywhere. Then you can always chance upon a Mc Donald’s or a Pizza Hut too! In five-star dining, Peshawari, the Indian needs special mention and Panghat at Rambagh Palace is a waterside platform, replicating village surroundings.
For those looking for Fast food there are Mc Donald, Domino Pizza, KFC outlets on the famous MI Road in Jaipur and elsewhere in the city.
E) Adventure activities
Jaipur is not all about museums, forts and palaces, visitors can try bowling at Mega Bowl or king Pin Bowling Alley . They could venture out to the Fun Kingdom at Agarawal Farms which offers discotheque video games, bowling alley and kid’s zone. There other adventure activities like Hot Air Balooning and some activities organised at the outskirts of Jaipur like trekking flying fox, rock climbing, horse riding and most famous is the Elephant ride and elephant polo. Popular is the elephantastic. You may contact us for further details at firstname.lastname@example.org.
F) Culture centers & Galleries
Ravindra Manch and Jawahar Kala Kendra host regular cultural programs. Most hotels organize traditional dance and music shows in the evening during the tourist season. Popular entertainment includes puppet shows and Kalbelia dancer and Bhoplas who display the rich heritage of Rajasthan.
4. Best Hotels
Experience the grandeur of royal era with a stay in Forts, Palaces and Havelis converted into hotels with elegantly decorated interiors provided with all the modern amenities
5. Nearby cities-excursions
Galta (2.5 km): The old pilgrim centre of Galtaji has temple, Pavilions and holy kunds (natural springs and reservoirs) dotting the serene Landscape. The small temple of the Sun god was built by Diwan Kriparam on top of the highest peak, and is visible from anywhere in the city.
Ramgarh Lake (32 km northeast): This huge Lake was created by constructing a high dam amidst tree covered hills. There is a temple of Jamwa Mata besides ruins of the old fort making it an idyllic excursion.
Samode (40 km northwest): The Beautiful Samode palace has undergone a complete makeover and is fine example boasting a wealth of frescoes.
Sanganer(16 km): On Tonk road, this town can be approached through the ruins of two Tripolias , or triple -gateways. There is a ruined palace and group of Jain temples with intricate carvings. Entry to the temples is restricted. The town is acclaimed for some of the finest hand-printed textiles from units of block and screen printers. This textile is popular all over the country and abroad.
Dear Guest “Padharo Mhare Des” – My Country Beckons You!