Six hill forts of Rajasthan figure in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and their names are “The forts of Chittaurgarh, Ranthambore, Jaisalmer, Kumbhalgarh, Amber and Gagron fort“. All the forts are situated in the Aravalli mountain range in Chittaurgarh, Sawai Madhopur, Jaisalmer, Rajsamand, Jaipur and Jhalawar districts. They are truly unique examples of outstanding Rajput military architecture that are found in temples, memorials, palaces, etc., and all forts are built between 13th and 19th centuries.
In 2012, five forts of Rajasthan were nominated, but rejected by the UNESCO panel. However, this year the government added one more fort that was Jaisalmer fort and reworked on the documents of previous five forts and re-nominated them, including Jaisalmer fort. For the last two years, India has been attempting to inscribe these magnificent hill forts on the World Heritage List. But, we are really pleased that it has been done this year.
In November, 2012, a two-member (Susan Denyor and Giles Tillotson) “ICOMOS” advisory mission, came to Rajasthan and visit Jaipur. A meeting was held among ICOMOS advisory member, Rajasthan government and officials of Archaeological Survey of India. Later, the ICOMOS recommended in their report that all the six hill forts be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Two forts out of six are protected by the Rajasthan State Archaeological Survey, and other four are protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.
This year, India has also sent the nomination of the Great Himalayan National Park, situated in Himachal Pradesh in UNESCO World Heritage Sites under the category of the cultural properties. However, its candidature has put on hold due to lack of documents or want some more documents. This national park is located in the Kullu district and spread over 75,400 hectares. As now, India has total 29 world heritage sites, 23 cultural and 6 natural properties.